Diabetes is a metabolic disease which causes the body’s inability to produce some or adequate insulin that results in elevated levels of glucose in the blood.
We suffer from three types of diabetes; type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes.
More hunger and tired: Our body converts the food we eat into glucose that our cells use for energy. But our cells need insulin to bring the glucose in. If our body doesn’t make enough or any insulin, or if our cells resist the insulin your body makes, the glucose can’t get out of them and have no energy. This can make more hungry and tired than usual.
To pee more repeatedly and being thirstier: The average person usually has to pee in between four and seven times in 24 hours, but people with diabetes may go a lot more. It’s because normally our body reabsorbs glucose as it passes through your kidneys. But when diabetes pushes our blood sugar up, our body may not be able to bring it all back in. It will attempt to get rid of the further by creation additional urine, and that take fluids.
Dry mouth and itchy skin: Because our body is using fluids to make urine, there’s less moisture for other things. We could get dehydrated, and our mouth may feel dry. Dry skin can make us itchy.
Blurred vision: Changing fluid levels in our body could make the lenses in our eyes swell up. They change shape and lose their ability to focus.
Type 1 Symptom:
Frequent need to pee
Continual thirst despite taking fluids
Severe hunger urge
Unexplored weight loss
Type -2 symptoms:
Slow-healing sores or cuts
Pain or numbness in your feet or legs
Insulin is needed for treatment of diabetes. Insulin is a hormone that control of blood sugar. Many types of insulin for treating diabetes are there. These are:
Rapid acting insulin: This begins to work within a few minutes and stays for a couple of hours.
Short acting insulin: It takes about 30 minutes to work entirely and lasts for 3 to 6 hours.
Midway acting insulin: This takes 2 to 4 hours to work fully. Its effects can last up to 18 hours.
Extended acting insulin: It will work for an entire day.
There are several methods for taking insulin. An insulin injection can be given using a needle and syringe, a cartridge system, or prefilled pen systems. We can use inhaled insulin, insulin pumps, and a rapid-acting insulin device.
If we use inject able insulin, place on the body where we give the shot may matter. We’ll absorb insulin the most consistently when we inject it into our belly. The next best places to inject it are our arms, thighs, and buttocks.
We should inject insulin at the same area of our body, but vary the exact injection spot. This helps minimize scarring under the skin.
If we’re overweight and have type 2 diabetes, we will lower your blood sugar, improve our health, and feel better if we lose some of your extra pounds.
We’ll want to work closely with our doctor or diabetes educator, because our blood sugar, insulin, and medications will need special attention while we’re losing weight.
If we drop even 10 or 15 pounds, that has health perks, such as:
- lesser blood sugar
- lesser blood pressure
- improved cholesterol levels
- Less stress on our hips, knees, ankles, and feet
- More energy
- Brighter mood
It’s generally safe for someone with diabetes to cut 500 calories per day.